Garnet anorthosite - Lingerabay
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Fact sheet

Garnet anorthosite - Lingerabay

This ancient Lewisian gneiss is a plagioclase-rich rock from Lingerabay on South Harris in the Western Isles of Scotland. The rock was probably originally intruded as an igneous rock, but has been metamorphosed by exposure to very high temperature (800 °C), and pressure during burial to at least 20 km during the Laxfordian orogeny in the Proterozoic period.

The rock contains some large grains of plagioclase (anorthite), although many have been reduced by later recrystallisation. Large inclusion poor garnet exhibits textures characteristic of both the prograde path (formed at the peak of metamorphism) and the retrograde path (reactions between minerals as they moved back towards the Earth’s surface). The reaction between the garnet and the surrounding minerals led to the formation of plagioclase and pyroxene (which later altered to amphibole) that now appear as rings surrounding each of the garnets, a texture known as a corona.

Additional images
57.756817, -6.9518
Lingerabay, South Harris, Western Isles, Scotland
About this collection

The United Kingdom Virtual Microscope (UKVM) collection consists of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks from around the UK.

It is intended as a teaching resource, helping to tell the story of the common rock types and how they form, and reflecting the history of the UK at the margins of the continent of Europe. The collection is a series of teaching sets, for example igneous rocks from the North Atlantic Igneous Province and SW England; high-temperature metamorphic rocks from Scotland and low-temperature metamorphic rocks from Wales; and sedimentary rocks, including English limestones and sandstones.

Sample details

Rock-forming mineral
Category guide  
Category Guide
Refers to any word or phrase that appears in the individual rock names. Names are generally descriptive; they allow users to search for broad terms like ‘granite’ as well as more specific names such as ‘breccia’. However, the adjacent descriptions of the specimens captures a wider range of general words and phrases and is a more powerful search tool.
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Accessory minerals
Minerals that occur in very low abundance in a rock. They are usually not visible with the naked eye and contribute perhapssver, they often dominate the rare elements such as platinum group metals.
Rock-forming minerals
Minerals that make up the bulk of all rock samples and are also the ones used in rock classi?cation.
Selecting one or more period, for example 'Jurassic'.
A term used to group together related samples that are not already gathered into a single Collection. For instance, there is a ‘SW England granites’ theme that includes such rock types as granite, hydrothermal breccia, skarn and vein samples.
A general term used to label a rock sample. It is a useful way of grouping similar samples throughout a collection. Category names are often, but not exclusively, common rock names (e.g. granite, basalt, dolerite, gabbro, greisen, skarn, gneiss, amphibolite, limestone, sandstone).
The owner of the sample that appears in the collection. For example, NASA owns all the samples that appear in the Moon Rocks collection
We would like to thank the following for the use of this sample: