Oued Awlitis 001 - anorthosite
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Fact sheet
Description: 

Oued Awlitis 001 (OA 001) is a 7.7 x 6.6 x 3.5 cm brownish-grey lunar meteorite with a preserved, translucent fusion crust that was found as two fitting pieces in 2014 in Morocco/Western Sahara. It is a highly feldspathic, moderately equilibrated, clast-rich, poikilitic impact melt rock. 

Its poikilitic texture formed due to moderately slow cooling and displays a poikilitic texture of intensely fractured, mm-sized olivine (Fo56-71) and pyroxene (En42.2-59.4 Fs19.6-41.7 Wo6.4-34.0) crystals that enclose euhedral plagioclase phenocrysts. The olivine and pyroxene oikocrysts are compositionally zoned; olivine exhibits Mg-rich cores and Fe-rich rims, whereas pyroxene displays pigeonite rims and augite cores. This crystallized melt groundmass also envelops partly assimilated, <1 mm, angular to subhedral plagioclase clasts.

Between crossed polars, plagioclase clasts and phenocrysts show reduced birefringence, exhibit strongly undulating extinction, and are partly isotropic. Some plagioclase grains exhibit mechanical twinning. The intense shock metamorphic overprint obscures compositional zoning in the plagioclase and some grains are partially transformed to a diaplectic glass.

Plagioclase clasts and the poikilitic groundmass contain euhedral FeNi metal and troilite grains. Ilmenite and Ti-rich spinel are additional accessory phases.

The chemistry of OA 001 suggests it formed from a ferroan anorthositic precursor rock. It was ejected from the Moon during a meteorite impact event about 300 million years ago.

A detailed study of OUED001 is available here:
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/maps.13218
Credit: Meteoritics and Planetary Sciences

The images here were acquired from thin section NHMV-O105.

In Place
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Location description: 
Morocco
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Good
Timescale:
Not known
Ma = Millions of years ago
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meteorite
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